February 8, 2023

Great Indian Mutiny

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The Indian stock market closes on June 30

No change to the session BSE Sensex 30The day ended on Thursday, June 30 with a variation 0.02%Until then 53,018.94 points. The BSE Sensex 30 He scored the maximum 53,377.54 points And at the very least 52,883.25 points. Trading limit for this BSE Sensex 30 Between its highest point and its lowest point (max-min) during this day 0.93%.

Regarding last week’s profit, the BSE Sensex 30 Indicates an increase 1.44%For this reason it is still increasing in the last year 0.18%. The BSE Sensex 30 stands a 13.52% Highest so far this year (61,308.91 points) and A 3.23% Above its minimum value for the current year (51,360.42 points).

What is a stock index and what is it for?

A stock index It is an indicator used to track the price evolution of a set of assets.For this you need to have data of different companies or segments of a part of the market.

These indicators are mainly used in stock markets of each country Each of them can be combined by signatures with certain characteristics In addition, some indices consider only a few stocks to determine their value, such as having similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of industry, or there are others that consider hundreds of stocks.

Stock market indices are active An indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy, and the performance of investments in stocks and shares of the company. If investors lack confidence, stock values ​​will fall.

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They also work to scale Performance of an asset manager And they allow investors to make trade-offs between return and risk; Measuring financial asset prospects or building portfolios.

This type of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century Journalist Charles H. Dow. He carefully studied how company stocks moved up or down together in price, so he created two indexes: one to 20 railroad companies (the largest industry at the time), as well as 12 measures of other types of businesses.

Currently there are various indices in our economy They can be grouped based on their geographical location, sectors, company size or asset typeFor example, the US Nasdaq index is composed of the 100 largest technology-related companies such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), and Tesla (TSLA). , Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADPE).

How is stock index measured?

Each stock index has its own way of measuring, but the key factor is the market capitalization of each company that integrates it. It is derived by multiplying the value of the relevant stock market on the day of operation by the total number of shares held by the investors.

Companies listed on stock exchange are mandatory Present the balance Its composition. The report should be published every three or six months.

Studying a stock index means observing its evolution over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on stock prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this pattern. So, it can be misleading.

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If one index grows by 500 points for a day and another gains 20 points, the first index may appear to have performed better. However, if the former starts at 30,000 points and the other at 300 points, it can be found that in percentage terms, the gains for the latter were higher.

What are major stock indices?

between Major stock indices in the US There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average Dow Jones, made up of 30 companies. Also, the S&P 500, which includes the 500 largest companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally comes Nasdaq 100It covers 100 largest non-financial corporations.

On the other hand, most pending codes Europe is Eurostax 50, which includes the 50 largest companies in the Eurozone. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index with the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; The FTSE100 From the London Stock Exchange; The ACC 40 of the Paris Stock Exchange; And this IBEX 35of the Spanish Stock Exchange.

In AsiaWe have Nikki 225The Tokyo Stock Exchange consists of 225 major companies. There is more SSE Composite Index, which is listed as the most significant in China, is made up of the most important companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Similarly, it is worth mentioning Hang Cheung Index in Hong Kong and Cosby In South Korea.

talking about Latin AmericaYou have CBIIt contains The 35 most powerful companies of the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV).. At least a third of them are from boss Carlos Slim’s capital.

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The other is Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the São Paulo stock market; The merval From Argentina; The IPSA From Chile; The MSCI COLCAP From Colombia; The IBC Made up of 6 companies from Caracas, Venezuela.

Similarly, there are other categories such as global stock market indices MSCI Latin AmericaIncludes 137 of the most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Similarly, there is MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; The MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; And this S&P Global 100Made up of the 100 most powerful multinational corporations on the planet.

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