No change to the session BSE Sensex 30It ended with a variation on Wednesday, August 10 0.06%Until then 58,817.29 points. The BSE Sensex 30 He scored the maximum 58,984.32 points And at the very least 58,583.36 points. Trading limit for this BSE Sensex 30 Between its highest point and its lowest point (max-min) during this day 0.68%.
In the last seven days, the BSE Sensex 30 Indicates an increase 1.17%So on year-on-year basis it is still maintaining high 7.94%. The BSE Sensex 30 stands a 4.06% Highest this year (61,308.91 points) and A 14.52% than its lowest price for the current year (51,360.42 points).
What is a stock index and what is it for?
A stock index An indicator that measures the evolution of the value of a particular assetFor this you need to have data of different companies or segments of a part of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by stock markets of various countries Each of them can be aggregated by entities with specific characteristics There are some indices that take into account only a few stocks or hundreds of stocks to determine their value, such as those with similar market capitalization or belonging to the same industry.
Stock market indices are active An indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy, and the performance of investments in stocks and shares of the company. In general, if investors lack confidence, equity costs will fall.
They also work to scale Performance of an asset manager and allow a comparison to be made between profit and risk; Measuring financial asset prospects or building portfolios.
This type of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century Journalist Charles H. Dow. He looked carefully at how company stocks moved up or down together, so he created two indexes: one to 20 railroad companies (the largest industry at the time), as well as 12 other types of businesses.
Today there are many different codes They can be grouped according to their location, sectors, company size or asset typeFor example, the US Nasdaq index is composed of the 100 largest technology-related companies such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA). , Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADPE).
How to read a code?
Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the key factor is the market capitalization of each company that integrates it. It is obtained by multiplying the day’s value of the stock in the relevant stock market by the total number of shares outstanding in the market.
Companies listed on stock exchange are mandatory Present the balance Its composition. The report should be published every three or six months.
To read a stock index, one must also take into account its variations over time. New indices always start with a fixed value based on stock prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this pattern. Therefore, it may be a source of misunderstanding.
If one index adds 500 points in a day and another adds 20 points, it may appear that the first index has outperformed. But if the former starts at 30,000 points and the other at 300 points, you can see that in percentage terms, the profits for the latter are more significant.
What are major stock indices?
between Major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average Dow Jones, in which 30 companies are members. Also, the S&P 500, which includes the 500 largest companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, appear Nasdaq 100It brings together 100 largest non-financial corporations.
On the other hand, very important codes Europe is Eurostax 50, which includes the 50 largest companies in the Eurozone. In addition, the DAX 30, the main German index of the best-performing companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; The FTSE100 From the London Stock Exchange; The ACC 40 of the Paris Stock Exchange; And this IBEX 35of the Spanish Stock Exchange.
In Asian continentMajor stock indices Nikki 225The Tokyo Stock Exchange consists of 225 major companies. There is more SSE Composite Index, which is listed as the most significant in China, is made up of the most important companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Similarly, it is worth mentioning Hang Cheung Index in Hong Kong and Cosby In South Korea.
talking about Latin American regionYou have CBIIt contains 35 most powerful companies of the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV).. At least a third of them are part of boss Carlos Slim’s estate.
The other is Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the São Paulo stock market; The merval From Argentina; The IPSA From Chile; The MSCI COLCAP From Colombia; The IBC Made up of 6 companies from Caracas, Venezuela.
Similarly, there are other categories such as global stock market indices MSCI Latin AmericaIncludes 137 of the most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Similarly, there is MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; The MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; And this S&P Global 100Made up of the 100 most powerful multinational corporations on the planet.
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