The day starts without changes Nifty 50It begins with a variation on Monday, April 3 0.05%Until then 17,369.05 points, after the initial session begins. Comparing the data with previous days, the Nifty 50 Collect three consecutive sessions on the green.
As for the last seven days, Nifty 50 Records the rise 2.5%So it still maintains an increase on year-on-year basis 0.25%. He Nifty 50 A 4.74% Highest this year (18,232.55 points) and A 2.5% Above its lowest estimate for the current year (16,945.05 points).
A stock index It is an indicator used to show the evolution of the value of a particular asset.It uses data from multiple companies or sectors of a segment of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by stock markets of countries Each of them can be combined with a signature with specific characteristics In addition, there are some indices that take into account only a few stocks to determine their value, or consider hundreds of stocks, such as similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of business.
Stock indices serve An indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy, and the performance of investments in stocks and shares of the company. If investors lack confidence, stock prices will fall.
They also work to scale Performance of an asset manager And they allow investors to make trade-offs between profit and risk; Measuring financial asset prospects or building portfolios.
These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century Journalist Charles H. Dow. To carefully analyze how companies’ stocks rose or fell together, he created two indexes: one consisting of the 20 largest railway companies (the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 stocks. Types of business
Currently there are various codes They may join a union based on their geographical location, sectors, company size or asset typeFor example, the US Nasdaq index is composed of the 100 largest technology-related companies such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), and Tesla (TSLA). , Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADPE).
Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the key factor is the market capitalization of each company that integrates it. It is derived by multiplying the daily value of the shares in the relevant stock market by the total number of shares in circulation in the market.
Public trading companies are required Present the balance Its composition. An appropriate report should be published every three or six months.
When reading a stock index, you should note its changes over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this pattern. So, it can be misleading.
If one index gains 500 points in a single day and another adds only 20 points, it may appear to have outperformed the former. However, if the first day starts at 30,000 points and the other at 300 points, then in percentage terms, it can be assumed that the second profit was substantial.
between Major US stock indices The Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, which is made up of 30 companies. Likewise, the S&P 500, which includes the 500 largest companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, the Nasdaq 100It brings together 100 largest non-financial corporations.
On the other hand, very important codes Europe is Eurostax 50, which includes the 50 largest companies in the euro area. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index with the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; The FTSE 100 From the London Stock Exchange; He ACC 40 From the Paris Stock Exchange; And this IBEX 35From the Spanish Stock Exchange.
In AsiaMajor stock indices Nikki 225The Tokyo Stock Exchange consists of 225 major companies. There is more SSE Composite Index, considered the most representative of China, made up of the most prominent companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Same role played Hang Cheung Index in Hong Kong and Cosby In South Korea.
talking about Latin AmericaYou have CBIIt contains The 35 Best Companies of the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV).. At least a third of them are owned by boss Carlos Slim.
The other is Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the São Paulo Stock Exchange; He Marvel From Argentina; He IPSA From Chile; He MSCI COLCAP From Colombia; He IBC De Caracas is made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Similarly, there are other types of global stock indices MSCI Latin AmericaIncludes 137 of the most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Similarly, there is MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; He MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; And this S&P Global 100Made up of the 100 most powerful multinational corporations on the entire planet.
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