The day opened unchanged Nifty 50It opens the session on Wednesday, April 26 with a variation 0.07%Until then 17,756.45 points, after the initial session begins. Compared to previous days, the Nifty 50 The streak ends at two sessions.
As for the last seven days, Nifty 50 represents an ascent from 0.78%So it has still maintained its rise over the past year 3.62%. He Nifty 50 A 2.61% Highest this year (18,232.55 points) and A 4.79% than its lowest price for the current year (16,945.05 points).
A stock index An indicator that shows how the value of a set of assets is changingSo it collects data from different companies or sectors of a part of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by the stock markets of different countries of the world Each of them can be combined with a signature with specific characteristics There are some indices, such as those of similar market capitalization or belonging to the same industry, that take into account only a few stocks to determine their value, or others that consider hundreds of stocks.
Stock indices serve An indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy, and the performance of investments in stocks and shares of the company. If investors lack confidence, stock prices will fall.
They also work to scale Performance of an asset manager And they allow investors to make trade-offs between return and risk; Measuring financial asset prospects or building portfolios.
These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century Journalist Charles H. Dow. To carefully study how companies’ stocks rose or fell together, he created two indexes: one consisting of the 20 largest railroad companies (the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 other stocks. Types of business
Currently there are various codes They can be grouped by geography, sectors, company size or asset typeFor example, the US Nasdaq index is composed of the 100 largest technology-related companies such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), and Tesla (TSLA). , Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADPE).
Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the key factor is the market capitalization of each company that integrates it. It is obtained by multiplying the value of the title in the relevant stock exchange by the total number of shares in the market.
Companies listed on stock exchange are mandatory Present the balance Its composition. A suitable report should be declared every three to six months.
Reading a stock index means observing its changes over time. New indices are always opened at a fixed value based on stock prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this pattern. Hence, it leads to errors.
If one index grows by 500 points in a day and another adds only 20 points, it may appear to have outperformed the former. However, if the first day starts at 30,000 points and the other at 300 points, then in percentage terms, it can be obtained that the second profit was higher.
between Major stock indices in the US The Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, which is made up of 30 companies. Likewise, the S&P 500, which includes the 500 largest companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange. The last one comes Nasdaq 100It brings together 100 largest non-financial corporations.
On the other hand, very important codes Europe is Eurostax 50, which includes the 50 largest companies in the euro area. Also, the DAX 30, the main German index of the best-performing companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; The FTSE 100 From the London Stock Exchange; He ACC 40 From the Paris Stock Exchange; And this IBEX 35From the Spanish Stock Exchange.
In AsiaWe have Nikki 225The Tokyo Stock Exchange consists of 225 major companies. There is more SSE Composite Index, which can be considered the most solid in China, is made up of highly relevant companies listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Similarly, it is worth mentioning Hang Cheung Index in Hong Kong and Cosby In South Korea.
talking about Latin AmericaYou have CBIIt contains 35 most influential companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV).. At least a third of them are from boss Carlos Slim’s capital.
The other is Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the São Paulo Stock Exchange; He Marvel From Argentina; He IPSA From Chile; He MSCI COLCAP From Colombia; He IBC De Caracas is made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Similarly, there are other types of global stock indices MSCI Latin AmericaIncludes 137 of the most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Similarly, there is MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; He MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; And this S&P Global 100Made up of the 100 most powerful multinational corporations on the entire planet.
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