Auspicious day Nifty 50It closed higher on Tuesday, May 2 0.46%Until then 18,147.65 points. He Nifty 50 Scored more 18,180.25 points and the minimum number 18,101.75 points. Trading range for Nifty 50 It stood between its highest and lowest points (highest-lowest) on this day. 0.43%.
In the last seven days, the Nifty 50 Accumulates increase 2.28% And in the last year it is still maintaining high 7.04%. He Nifty 50 A 0.47% Highest this year (18,232.55 points) and A 7.1% than its lowest price for the current year (16,945.05 points).
A stock index An indicator used to show the evolution of the value of a particular assetSo it takes data from multiple companies or sectors of a segment of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by stock markets of countries Each of them can be aggregated by entities with specific characteristics In addition, there are some indices that take into account only a few stocks to determine their value, or others that consider hundreds of stocks, such as belonging to the same market capitalization or the same type of industry.
Stock indices serve An indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy, and the performance of equity investments and shares of a company. If investors lack confidence, stock prices will fall.
They also work to scale Performance of an asset manager And they allow investors to make trade-offs between return and risk; Measuring financial asset prospects or building portfolios.
These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century Journalist Charles H. Dow. To carefully analyze how companies’ stocks rose or fell together, he created two indexes: one consisting of the 20 largest railway companies (the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 stocks. Types of business
There are various indices in our economy today They can be grouped according to their location, sectors, company size or asset typeFor example, the US Nasdaq index is composed of 100 major technology-related companies such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), and Tesla (TSLA). , Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADPE).
Each stock index has its own way of measuring, but the key factor is the market capitalization of each company that integrates it. It is derived by multiplying the day’s value of the shares in the stock market relative to the total number of shares held by the investors.
Companies listed on stock exchange are mandatory Present the balance Its composition. Appropriate report should be provided every three or six months.
Studying a stock index means paying attention to its changes over time. New indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this pattern. Therefore, it may be a source of misunderstanding.
If one index gains 500 points in a single day and another gains 20 points, the former may appear to have outperformed. However, if the previous day starts at 30,000 points and the other at 300 points, then in percentage terms, the gains for the latter can be assumed to be larger.
between Major US stock indices The Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, made up of 30 companies. Likewise, the S&P 500, which includes the 500 largest companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally comes Nasdaq 100It is associated with 100 largest non-financial corporations.
On the other hand, very important codes Europe is Eurostax 50, which includes the 50 largest companies in the euro area. He too DAX 30, the main German index containing the most important companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; The FTSE 100 From the London Stock Exchange; He ACC 40 From the Paris Stock Exchange; And this IBEX 35From the Spanish Stock Exchange.
In Asian continentWe have Nikki 225The Tokyo Stock Exchange consists of 225 major companies. There is more SSE Composite Index, listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange as China’s most representative of the most relevant companies. Similarly, it is worth mentioning Hang Cheung Index in Hong Kong and Cosby In South Korea.
talking about Latin American regionYou have CBIIt contains 35 most influential companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV).. At least a third of them are from boss Carlos Slim’s capital.
The other is Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the São Paulo Stock Exchange; He Marvel From Argentina; He IPSA From Chile; He MSCI COLCAP From Colombia; He IBC De Caracas is made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Similarly, there are other types of global stock indices MSCI Latin AmericaIncludes 137 of the most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Similarly, there is MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; He MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; And this S&P Global 100Made up of the 100 most powerful multinational corporations on the entire planet.
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