Opening of upload session for Nifty 50It begins the session with promotions on Wednesday, March 15 0.61%Until then 17,166 points, after opening. Comparing this data with previous days, the Nifty 50 With this data he interrupts his flat streak of the previous four days.
Last week, the Nifty 50 Indicates a fall 3.31%; On the contrary, on a year-on-year basis, it still maintains an upward trend 3.44%. He Nifty 50 A 5.85% Highest this year (18,232.55 points) and A 0.61% Above its lowest estimate for the current year (17,062.65 points).
A stock index An indicator that shows how the value of a given asset changesFor this you need to have the data of various companies or sectors of a part of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by stock markets of various countries Each of them can be aggregated by entities with specific characteristics There are some indices that determine the value of only a few stocks or consider hundreds of stocks, such as those of similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of industry.
Stock indices serve An indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy, and the performance of investments in stocks and shares of a company. If investors lack confidence, stock prices will fall.
They also work to scale Performance of an asset manager and allow investors to make trade-offs between return and risk; Measuring financial asset prospects or building portfolios.
These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century Journalist Charles H. Dow. He carefully observed how companies’ stocks rose or fell together in price, so he created two indexes: one that consisted of the 20 most important railroad companies (as they were the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 stocks. Other types of businesses
Currently there are various codes They can aggregate based on their geography, sectors, company size or asset classFor example, the US Nasdaq index is composed of the 100 largest technology-related companies such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), and Tesla (TSLA). , Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADPE).
Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the key element is the market capitalization that unites each firm. It is obtained by multiplying the daily value of the bond in the relevant stock market by the total number of shares in circulation in the market.
Publicly listed companies are required Present the balance Its composition. The report should be declared every three or six months.
While studying the stock chart, one should be aware of its changes over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this pattern. So, it may seem wrong.
If one index gains 500 points in a single day and another gains 20 points, the former may appear to have outperformed. However, if the first day starts at 30,000 points and the other at 300 points, it can be concluded that in percentage terms, the second profit is more important.
between Major stock indices in the US The Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow JonesConsisting of 30 institutions, the S&P 500, which includes the 500 largest companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, the Nasdaq 100It brings together 100 largest non-financial corporations.
On the other hand, very important codes Europe is Eurostax 50, which includes the 50 largest companies in the euro area. He too DAX 30, the main German index with the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; The FTSE 100 From the London Stock Exchange; He ACC 40 From the Paris Stock Exchange; And this IBEX 35From the Spanish Stock Exchange.
In AsiaWe have Nikki 225The Tokyo Stock Exchange consists of 225 major companies. Also, the SSE Composite Index, which is listed as the most solid in China, is made up of the most relevant companies listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Same role played Hang Cheung Index in Hong Kong and Cosby In South Korea.
talking about Latin AmericaYou have CBIIt contains 35 most influential companies on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV).. At least a third of them are from boss Carlos Slim’s capital.
The other is Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the São Paulo Stock Exchange; He Marvel From Argentina; He IPSA From Chile; He MSCI COLCAP From Colombia; He IBC De Caracas is made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Similarly, there are other categories such as global stock market indices MSCI Latin AmericaIncludes 137 of the most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Similarly, there is MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; He MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; And this S&P Global 100Made up of the 100 most powerful multinational corporations on the entire planet.
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