They call it the “black fungus” and in India it is considered a “dream within infection” of the corona virus.
Nearly 9,000 cases this week mucormicosis, A fungal infection.
Some patients are saved only by removing one eye. And this Mortality rate This is 50% of the victims.
Thousands of cases have been reported among patients Who recovered COVID-19 or they were in the recovery process, so it is associated with corona virus infection.
That’s what doctors promise Has a relationship with steroids They are used to treat the disease. It is also known that diabetics have a higher risk of developing myeloma.
These are just some of the goal setting shareware that you can use to create myocardial infarction.
1. What is mycomycosis?
Mycomycosis, commonly known as the “black fungus”, is a very rare infection.
It is caused by exposure to the mucus fungus that is part of the family முக்கோரேசி Commonly found in soil, plants, manure and rotting fruits and vegetables.
“It is ubiquitous, it can be found on the ground, in the air and even in the noses and mucus of healthy people,” Dr. Akshay Nair, an ophthalmologist from Bombay, India, told the BBC.
Affects the sinuses, brain and lungs And life-threatening Patients with diabetes or those with severe immunitySuch as cancer patients or those with HIV / AIDS.
2. What causes infection?
Doctors believe that Steroid use can cause mycosis, Some pharmacological compounds used to treat critically ill or critically ill patients due to Govit-19.
Steroids reduce inflammation in the lungs and help prevent some of the damage that can occur when the body’s immune system is boosted to fight the corona virus.
But Lowering the immune system and raising blood sugar levels, In diabetics and diabetic patients with COVID-19.
Experts believe that a weakened immune system can trigger mycomycosis.
“Diabetes lowers the body’s immune system, corona virus worsens it, and then steroids that help fight COVID-19 act as fuel for the fire,” says Nair.
3. Why in India?
This is closely related to the previous question.
India is in the middle The second hardest wave of the corona virus, The number of daily cases begins to decline. But the Indian health system was completely saturated for several weeks, and hospitals were short of oxygen and medicines to deal with the epidemic.
Doctors They often sought steroids To treat the disease.
The western state of Maharashtra is one of the most black fungus cases and it has been badly affected by the second wave of COVID-19.
On the other hand, as we explained above, black fungus cases are also linked to blood sugar levels. India is The second highest rate of diabetes In this world.
4. What are the symptoms?
Patients with yeast infection often have symptoms of nasal congestion and bleeding.
Also swelling and pain in the eye, drooping eyelids, blurred vision and finally loss of one eye. There may be black spots on the skin around the nose.
Doctors say Most of your patients come too late to be treated, When they already lose sight. Doctors need to surgically remove the affected eye to prevent the infection from reaching the brain.
In some cases, patients have lost vision in both eyes. In more rare cases, doctors may surgically remove the jawbone to prevent it from spreading.
It can be treated with a fungal injection which should be given every day for up to eight weeks. It is the only effective medicine against the disease.
5. Is it contagious?
Mycomycosis It is not contagious to humans or animals. It only develops in patients with the right conditions in their body such as diabetes or the immune system caused by other diseases.
However, later Spread by fungal spores in the air Or in context, it is almost impossible to avoid.
A healthy person, or without problems with the immune system, should not be afraid of this type of infection.
“Bacteria and fungi are in our body, but The immune system keeps them under controlDirector of Narayana Nethralaya Hospital in India K. Poojang Shetty explained.
“When the immune system is weakened due to cancer treatment, diabetes or the use of steroids, these organisms multiply positively,” Shetty explained to Reuters.
“Strain appears to be a virus that can cause high blood sugar levels. And differently fungal infections affect many young peopleSays Dr. Raghuraj Hegde from South Bangalore.
6. How widespread is the infection in India?
Senior Government of India official V.K. Paul said there was “no big outbreak” of mycomycosis. However, an increasing number of cases have been reported across the country, with more than 8,800 this week.
“We already see two or three cases a week here. It’s a dream come trueSays Dr. Renuka Bradu of Zion Hospital in Bombay.
Dr. Boxie treated about 800 diabetics with COVID-19 last year, none of whom developed a yeast infection.
By contrast, his younger patient last month A 27-year-old man That he does not even have diabetes. In the second week of COVID-19 we had to operate on him and remove his eye. This is very destructive. “
The Medical Research Council of India and the Union Ministry of Health have asked the public Keep diseases like personal hygiene and diabetes under control.
They are urged to wear shoes, long pants, long sleeves and gloves when handling dirt, moss or manure to avoid exposure to the fungus.
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